English translation of an article

Herbs think piece Part3

In this article, we will explain calendula, a name that may not sound familiar to you but will make sense when you see it.

Main actions and ingredients

Calendulin

Contained in Calendula, it has wound-healing properties that help heal damaged skin.

Bitterness

As the name suggests, it is bitter in the mouth and includes alkaloids and phenolic compounds.

However, this bitter taste stimulates the secretion of digestive juices and bile, which in turn stimulates the functioning of the digestive tract.

Saponins

This component is present in the form of glycosides, which are substances made up of sugars and other substances attached to them, from the ancient Greek word “Sapo” meaning soap.

When placed in water, it produces a persistent foam (surfactant) and has the ability to soothe coughs and reduce inflammation.

Precautions for use

Do not use if you are allergic to Asteraceae.

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Characteristics

An herb with bright orange flowers, about 50cm high, popular in Japan as a Buddhist flower and flower bed flower.

Various uses

Cooking

The flowers can be used in place of saffron to add colour to food, or torn off and sprinkled on salads for a more attractive appearance.

Health

This herb has a healing effect on damaged skin and contains vitamin A and saponins, which help to relieve inflammation and soothe coughs.

It is also known as an all-purpose ointment and can be used to treat minor wounds and itching.

History

In ancient Greece and Rome, Calendula was used in a variety of ways, including as a food, dye and cosmetic, and people at that time used to decorate their weddings with it as a flower that would bring happiness to the home.

India too, Calendula has been revered since ancient times and was used to decorate temple altars and temples.

The main reason for this was that the golden flowers were believed to have protective powers.

Medici family crest

Marie de Medicis, Queen of France in the 16th and 17th centuries, liked this flower so much that she made it her coat of arms.

Other varieties

French Marigold

This ornamental variety originated in France. It was so named because it spread from France to the rest of the world.

Scientific name
Calemdula offichinalis

Calendula
The name means “beginning of the month”.

offichinalis
Means “medicinal”.

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